Burping or belching is a reflexive action and a natural way of releasing trapped air from the upper part of the digestive tract through the mouth. It is sometimes accompanied by sound and might give off an unpleasant smell. It occurs when the stomach bloats or expands because of too much swallowed air caused by eating, drinking, laughing, or breathing rapidly. The esophagus becomes clogged with this extra air, which frequently never reaches the stomach. Most people consider this release a burp when air moves back up the throat.
Typically, it is good when a stomach is releasing air. It keeps a person at ease and shows that the digestive system is functioning correctly. To some, it can become a habit for easing abdominal discomfort even if the stomach is not filled with air. For example, a person will often burp four to six times after taking a meal or drinking soda. This small amount of burping within a day is typical.
Although burping is harmless, if continuous, it can be disturbing and annoying too. It may also be considered a problem when the symptoms become recurrent because it affects social situations and interferes with day-to-day activities.
There are a few lifestyle and dietary changes to consider that can prevent frequent burping.
Eating too fast can result in indigestion or dyspepsia. It is a feeling of mild to severe pain between the upper abdomen and the belly button. Dyspepsia can cause a person to burp because it pushes additional air into the stomach. It may also be accompanied by heartburn, nausea, bloating, or vomiting.
Some people have particular eating habits as well. One of these is engaging in conversation while eating. Talking while eating has been linked to aerophagia. More air will build up in the gastrointestinal tract because of too much air swallowing. When the stomach feels bloated, it is advised to refrain from talking and consume and chew meals slowly and carefully to ingest less air.
Avoid specific foods that cause gassiness. It may also aid in reducing frequent burping. It includes beans, peas, lentils, onions, root vegetables, whole-grain foods, processed foods, dairy products, and cruciferous vegetables that are abundant sources of biologically active compounds. These disperse glucosinolates, substances with sulfur and nitrogen that can cause gas and flatulence in the stomach.