Any infection that occurs in the area of the urinary system, including the kidneys, bladder, urethra, and ureters, is a urinary tract infection (UTI). Urinary tract infections in males are uncommon before age 50, but they are more frequent in older men. They may have an infection without displaying any symptoms.
The urinary tract is typically free of germs and other organisms. UTI-causing bacteria frequently go from the rectum to the urethra before moving on to the bladder or kidneys (the urethra is the little tube in the penis through which urine flows). In addition, bacteria can occasionally enter the urinary tract through the bloodstream from another body region.
Sexually transmitted diseases can result in UTIs. Additionally, a urinary tract stone can occasionally stop the flow of urine and result in an infection. An enlarged prostate in older men can also result in a urinary tract infection by obstructing the full evacuation of urine from the bladder. Using a catheter to drain the bladder or urethral stricture, a constriction of the urethra caused by scar tissue from prior infections or surgical treatments can also result in infection. Conditions like diabetes and other immune-related illnesses also increase the risk of UTI.
The kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the duct that enables the bladder to release urine from the body make up the urinary system (urethra). The urinary tract can be affected at any level by illnesses, leading to frequent urination.
Frequent urination, or having a strong urge to urinate much more frequently than normal, is a sign of a urinary tract infection. It might occur suddenly and result in a lack of bladder control. In general, it seems as though the bladder is overflowing and uncomfortable.
Other overactive bladder causes that can result in frequent urination are bladder, spinal, and pelvic injuries, neurological conditions like multiple sclerosis or stroke, and obesity, which can put considerable pressure and weight on the organ. On the other hand, UTI risk factors include old age, dehydration, prolonged periods of holding in urine, urinary system changes and disruptions, and chronic conditions affecting the immune system. Besides UTI and OAB, other causes are diuretics, consumption of too many beverages, diabetes, kidney disease, and more.
Setting up a visit with the doctor is best when urination is more frequent than usual and if there is no obvious explanation for the condition. Additionally, other uncommon symptoms may require medical treatment.