Hemorrhoids, also called “piles,” are veins that swell at the anus. The walls of these blood vessels become so thin that the veins protrude and become irritated, particularly when you defecate. Typical symptoms include rectal pain, itching, bleeding, and sometimes veins emerging from the anus. An accumulation of tension in the lower rectum may inhibit blood flow and cause veins to swell. Physically demanding activities, such as carrying heavy objects, excess weight or obesity, a diet poor in fiber, and anal sex, can all create strain and lead to hemorrhoids. Moreover, pregnant women at also at risk when the enlarging uterus exerts pressure on the veins, especially during the last semester.
Hemorrhoids are a prevalent condition in both men and women, especially in those aged 45 to 65. In fact, 75 percent of people will eventually get hemorrhoids throughout their lifetime.
In most cases, simple lifestyle modifications and home remedies may relieve mild hemorrhoid symptoms within 2 to 7 days. Adding fiber to the diet, avoiding straining, and drinking sufficient water can help reduce swelling. If the symptoms persist for more than a week, it is best to talk to a healthcare provider to undergo further treatments.
Warm Sitz Baths
A warm water sitz bath relieves perineal discomfort. Relaxing the anal sphincter with warm water increases blood flow to the anal tissues, reducing inflammation, pain, and itching. The perineum is the region between the buttock orifice or the anus and the external genitalia (scrotum or vulva). Relaxing the anal sphincter may lessen muscular spasms and increases blood flow to the anal tissues, which promotes healing and decreases discomfort. Your healthcare professional may prescribe a sitz bath with medicine, depending on your condition.
Soak the anal region in warm water for 15 to 20 minutes several times daily, especially after a bowel movement. You can have a warm sitz bath in your bathtub or with a sitz bath kit. Carefully clean and rinse the tub before using. Fill a bathtub or plastic tub with warm water to cover your perineum, about 4 inches. The temperature should only be around 40 degrees Celsius. Warm water alone works. Salts, oils, and other chemicals can trigger inflammation, so avoid them. After the sitz bath, gently dry your perineal region and buttocks with a clean towel. To prevent irritation, avoid rubbing or scrubbing the area.