The hormone testosterone is present in humans and many other species. The testicles predominantly produce testosterone in males. The ovaries of females produce some testosterone but in considerably lower concentrations. Several of the physical traits that are uniquely associated with adult men are the result of the hormone testosterone. The gonads create testosterone; however, the adrenal glands in both sexes also produce a tiny amount. Due to its androgenic nature, it promotes the maturation of masculine traits.
Testosterone, produced in far higher quantities in males than in women, plays a crucial role in the development of the male reproductive system and the generation of sperm after the male has reached adulthood. Testosterone production begins to decline starting at about the age of 30. Sex desire is closely linked to testosterone because of its crucial function in sperm production. Diseases like hypogonadism and infertility may develop when testosterone levels fall below normal. Studies show that low testosterone levels are on the rise in the general population. Since 2012, there has been a significant rise in prescriptions written for testosterone supplements.
The cardiovascular system, including the heart and arteries, can benefit from the presence of testosterone. By defending both the heart and the circulatory system as a whole, this hormone lowers the probability of a person developing heart disease. By pumping oxygen-rich blood to all of the body’s tissues, a healthy heart ensures that everything works at peak efficiency. The production of red blood cells is stimulated by testosterone via a mechanism that takes place in the bone marrow. Additionally, testosterone reduces blood pressure by relaxing the arteries, particularly the aorta and the heart’s coronary arteries.
The likelihood of getting cardiovascular conditions like atherosclerosis may be reduced if the testosterone levels are high. It is common for men with arteriosclerosis to have low testosterone levels. Raising these levels to normal helps them make the most of the benefits of the other essential efforts taken to enhance their overall health. This includes increasing the amount of physical activity, eating healthy food, giving up smoking, and drinking less alcohol. A low dose of testosterone administered for a shorter period can enhance vascular reactivity and blood flow in men with atherosclerosis and whose testosterone levels are normal.