High blood pressure (hypertension in medical terms) is a prevalent health condition that targets the arteries in the body. This health condition is a key factor in premature death around the world. A person with this condition experiences blood continually pushing up on artery walls with excessive force. Due to this, the heart needs to pump blood harder.
To diagnose high blood pressure, a person should measure their blood pressure on two consecutive days. MmHg or millimeters of mercury is utilized to measure blood pressure.
A person has hypertension if the systolic blood pressure readings on the first and second day exceed or are equal to 140 mmHg or the diastolic shows greater than or equal to 90mmHg.
The first number to show in measuring blood pressure is systolic, which stands for the blood vessel pressure when the heart beats or contracts. On the other hand, the diastolic indicates the vessel’s pressure when the heart beats rest every after a heartbeat.
A person has hypertension if they have above 120/80 mm Hg blood pressure. Meanwhile, blood pressure that exceeds 180/120 mm Hg indicates a hypertensive crisis or emergency which requires immediate help.