Fibromyalgia is characterized by generalized pain throughout the body. Other common symptoms in fibromyalgia patients include excessive fatigue, difficulty sleeping, mood swings, or memory loss. A person’s capacity for work or daily activities may be impacted by the pain, extreme fatigue, and sleep deprivation that the chronic illness causes. Treatment can aid with symptom management and pain relief.
Experts theorized that fibromyalgia affects how the brain and spinal cord process painful and nonpainful signals, intensifying the pain. Symptoms frequently appear following a traumatic experience, such as infection, surgery, physical trauma, or significant psychological stress. In other instances, symptoms appear gradually and without a clear cause.
Both males and females can be affected by fibromyalgia, but women are more prone to the condition. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) estimate that between 80 to 90 percent of those who receive a diagnosis are female. Researchers could not fully understand why women are more prone to developing the condition than men. However, the underlying causes of this might be influenced by genes, immune system variations, or hormones.
Below are the symptoms of fibromyalgia in females.
During the menstrual cycle, fibromyalgia symptoms could get worse. Studies have connected this increase in pain to reduced levels of hormones progesterone and testosterone in the body. The severity of menstrual cramps varies from woman to woman. The National Fibromyalgia Association reported that women with the illness had more painful periods than usual. In addition, their menstrual cycle might occasionally cause pain to fluctuate.
Additionally, most fibromyalgia-suffering women are between the ages of 40 and 55. Postmenopausal or menopausal women may experience severe symptoms. Menopause and fibromyalgia can heighten feelings of irritability, pain, muscle aches, and anxiety. Following menopause, the body makes 40 percent less estrogen. Estrogen plays a significant role in regulating serotonin, which influences pain and mood.
Some fibromyalgia symptoms, such as pain, discomfort, poor sleep, memory loss, difficulty thinking clearly, and depression, can resemble perimenopause symptoms (around menopause). Endometriosis can also occur in some fibromyalgia patients. In this syndrome, various pelvis areas begin to sprout cells resembling those in the uterus lining. Fibromyalgia can aggravate the pain caused by endometriosis.