Fatty liver disease is a condition in which fat accumulates in the liver. While there are different types of fatty liver disease, the most common is non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. It affects people of all ages and can lead to serious health complications, including cirrhosis and liver cancer.
Fatty liver disease occurs when an accumulation of fat in the liver is not caused by alcohol consumption. It is a chronic condition that is slowly progressive and can range from simple fat accumulation to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which is characterized by inflammation and damage to the liver.
The exact cause of fatty liver disease is unknown, but it is thought to be associated with insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is when the body does not respond properly to insulin, and sugar builds up in the blood instead of being used for energy by the cells. Insulin resistance is common in people who are overweight or obese, as well as those with Type 2 diabetes mellitus or prediabetes. Other risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver include high cholesterol, high triglycerides, and chronic viral Hepatitis C infection.
There is no cure for fatty liver disease, but there are things that can be done to manage the condition and slow its progression. One of the most important things for people with fatty liver disease is to watch their diet. Individuals with fatty liver disease are recommended to follow a diet guideline consisting of foods to eat and avoid.
Foods to Avoid
Alcohol is a common feature of social gatherings and celebrations. However, drinking alcohol in people with fatty liver disease can cause many problems. First and foremost, alcohol consumption can exacerbate the build-up of fat in the liver. Additionally, drinking alcohol can cause inflammation and scarring in the liver, ultimately leading to cirrhosis. Drinking also increases an individual’s risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma or liver cancer.
One of the most concerning aspects of fatty liver disease is that it often doesn’t cause any symptoms. This means that an individual could have the condition and not even know it. However, in some cases, people with fatty liver disease may experience fatigue, pain in the upper right abdomen, weight loss, and jaundice. They should avoid alcohol because it can worsen the condition and lead to further liver damage. It is important to avoid alcohol or to drink only in moderation. If patients choose to drink, it is recommended to monitor their alcohol intake carefully and talk to a doctor about the best way to manage their condition.