Acne lesions get inflamed, leaving behind acne scars. The pore wall breaks down and swells as a result of the acne. Some acne lesions are tiny, and the resulting scars are shallow and quickly heal. Moreover, a blemish’s contents may occasionally leak into the tissue around it, leaving deeper scarring. By generating new collagen strands, the skin responds by healing the scar.
There are two principal forms of acne scars – those that are elevated on the skin’s surface or those that grow when tissue is lost, leaving an indentation on the skin’s surface. In addition, some acne breakouts are tiny, leaving superficial scars that heal fast. This happens because the skin develops new collagen fibers that help cure the scar.
It’s important to note that acne does not ensure that a scar will develop. The good news is that not all scars from acne are irreversible. There are treatments available, some of which nearly entirely remove the scars. On the other hand, others support the skin’s collagen in self-repair.
The scars left behind by acne can also reduce the effectiveness of the scar treatments listed below. However, some of them cannot be used in combination with traditional acne medications.
Alpha Hydroxy Acids
Also called AHAs, alpha-hydroxy acids are a class of acids extracted from plants and animals and are present in many cosmetic products. These consist of regular anti-aging items like serums, toners, lotions, and seldom focused treatments like chemical peels.
The effectiveness and applications of AHAs have been extensively studied. Glycolic and lactic acids are the most promising and thoroughly studied AHAs now on the market. In addition, there is a reduced chance of discomfort with these two AHAs. As a result, glycolic acid or lactic acid is present in most over-the-counter (OTC) AHAs.
AHAs are mainly employed for exfoliation. Aside from that, they can: enhance blood flow and collagen and repair scars and aging spot discoloration. They can also improve the appearance of surface wrinkling and lines, prevent acne outbreaks, and help lighten the skin tone.
The use of AHA is one of the treatments for acne scars that some doctors recommend to their patients. AHAs are a mild, organic form of acid that gently dissolves the top layer of skin, producing fresh, younger-looking skin.
Unfortunately, burning, swelling, and itching could happen in high quantities. That’s why consulting with a dermatologist is recommended before using AHA.