Acid reflux is the common term to describe the condition when stomach acids escape the stomach. Usually, the stomach has a valve that prevents anything from coming back up the esophagus. However, there are some situations when the valve doesn’t fully close. As a result, it results in corrosive stomach acid entering the esophagus, which gives people discomfort.
There can be several reasons for the onset of acid reflux. For example, certain bad habits can make a stomach too full. Overeating means there is little space inside your stomach for the acids to move around, which can spill out. Additionally, lying down immediately after eating puts the stomach in an awkward position so that some leakage could happen. Even foods can agitate your stomach so that it doesn’t work right. Spicy and acidic food and drinks can cause this problem. Carbonated beverages can also be trouble since they produce gases that will make your stomach bloat.
The worst possible cause for acid reflux is gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). GERD is a disease that makes you suffer from acid reflux regularly. If you feel the effects of acid reflux more than twice a week, you likely have it. Be on the lookout for the following symptoms.
The most notable symptom of acid reflux is heartburn. It is a burning sensation or discomfort felt near the abdomen and starts rising in the chest. The worst heartburn can reach even up to the throat. Many people experience or often after a meal or at night. The pain usually feels behind the breast bone, which is different from chronic chest pains. Some mistake it for a heart attack, but it is not that bad. Those feeling chest pain can be sure that it is heartburn if they bend over or lie down and it gets worse. Another tell-tale sign of heartburn is that sufferers often taste something bitter or acidic in their mouth.
Fortunately, there is some quick relief in the form of antacids. They neutralize stomach acids and ensure that the pain goes away. Heartburn is also not that painful in most cases, so many people deal with it. However, persistent or regular heartburn can be a bad sign, so those who get it more than twice a week will need to visit a doctor.